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 And routine maintenance of bridge maintenance and
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meishengchao


USA
57 Posts

Posted - August 12 2016 :  03:18:55 AM  Show Profile  Visit meishengchao's Homepage Send meishengchao a Private Message  Reply with Quote
Bridge is an important part of the road is to ensure smooth road throat. Bridge design is relatively conservative and more emphasis on the quality of the construction process, resulting in the presence of some careless thinking conservation units that bridges are much more robust than the road, basically no major problems, which led to daily inspection of bridges Maintenance, maintenance and other aspects of the lack of awareness, especially in the early lack of investment in the conservation of the bridge; on the other hand, the use of the bridge after a certain period of time, due to weather, load, especially overloading load and other aspects of the bridge will damage the speed continued to accelerate, if not timely maintenance of the bridge, it will seriously shorten the useful life of the bridge, even serious accidents.
Therefore, strengthen the inspection of the bridge, the bridge conduct timely and effective routine maintenance, repair and reinforcement of extending its life, and to ensure that its carrying capacity, to ensure traffic safety, to maintain good condition of the bridge, has a very important meaning.
Second, the daily maintenance of the bridge
The contents of routine maintenance of the bridge there are many, are summarized as the following aspects:

1, a variety of bridge inspection and testing, understand the technical condition of the bridge, grasp the disease and its development, put forward specific conservation measures for specific bridges, all kinds of minor repairs, repair or overhaul and transformation should be based on variety of detailed inspection and examination carried out on the basis of the bridge.

1.1, by examining and testing the system to master the technical condition of the bridge, early detection of defects, damage, etc; master traffic conditions, improper use of banned and illegal occupation of the bridge, and strict management overloaded cars, vehicles crossing the bridge must pass when take the protection, strengthening measures to avoid damage to the bridge; for possible typhoons, storms, snow, earthquake, fire, ice, bridge flood hazards, should be ready to handle a variety of emergency measures and precautions bridge should be set for the bridge mechanism .

1.2, through inspection, the need for load limit, the speed limit or stop the traffic bridge, timely examination and approval procedures and traffic control. Each part of the regular maintenance of the bridge, the inspection found deficiencies, damaged at the timely maintenance, the inspection can not maintain the original design load rating requirements, should plan to carry out repair and reinforcement.

2, bridge inspection methods: bridge inspection can be divided into regular checks, regular inspections and special examinations of three.

2.1, always check:

Mainly refers to the examination of the bridge facility, the upper structure, the technical condition of the substructure and ancillary structures carried out. Always check the use of visual methods can also be measured with simple tools, fill the spot "bridge always check the record", the type of defect inspection site registration the project, estimated range of defects and maintenance work, minor repairs and maintenance propose appropriate measures to bridge maintenance (minor repairs and maintenance) within the jurisdiction of the preparation of plans to provide the basis.

Always check the contents of the rich, most can be found through visual inspection and make a qualitative judgment of the defect. Such as: whether the neat appearance, stretching is blocked card dead, whether bearing obvious defects. Checks should be done orderly and tight to prevent omissions. Always check the inspection cycle at least once a month, in case of flood or other natural conditions change frequency of inspections should be encrypted.

2.2, periodic inspection:

Regular inspection period shall not exceed three years. New bridge delivered a year later, for the first time a comprehensive inspection, temporary bridge inspection at least once every year; always check found an important part of the obvious defects reaches three, four, five when the state of technology, should immediately arrange a capital periodic inspection; periodic checks to be visually observed binding instrument observation, each member must be close to double-check their defect case; a periodic inspection by the appropriate qualifications and quality engineer and bridge maintenance, inspection and according to conventional inspection contrast, the relevant experiences in the field to complete "bridge regularly record" fill judged defect reasons, the scope of maintenance, and other recommendations. For difficult to judge and asked for further examination.
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pausHoafsoina



Guyana
221 Posts

Posted - January 19 2018 :  04:37:48 AM  Show Profile  Visit pausHoafsoina's Homepage  Send pausHoafsoina an ICQ Message Send pausHoafsoina a Private Message  Reply with Quote
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